Punjab, a state bordering Pakistan, is the heart of India’s Sikh community. Its city of Amritsar, founded in 1577 by Sikh guru Ram Das, is the site of Harmandir Sahib, the holiest gurdwara (Sikh temple). Pilgrims visit its gilded Hari Mandir sanctuary and bathe in the surrounding Pool of Nectar. Also in Amritsar is Durgiana Temple, a Hindu shrine with engraved silver doors. Punjab is spread across 50, 362 KM. Punjab founded on 1966, capital is Chandigarh and the population is 27.98 Million (2012).
Punjab Police Background
Punjab Police has had an extremely proud history and the legend of keeping duty before self. Even before Independence, Punjab Police had a name in the country for effective policing and this has been continuously improving through the personal examples of its leadership supported by great traditions, discipline, and highly professional attitude.
The emergence of Punjab Police as a separate organization is a post 1861 development, which took place after the British annexation of Punjab in 1849. In about 150 years of its existence, the police force in the state has faced many difficult phases. The onus of handling law and order has always been a challenge before the police mainly because of the inherent martial traditions prevailing in the state.
Whether it was the handling of hyper-sensitive mass migration of millions during partition of India and Pakistan, or to control the dacoity menace in the fifties, or the naxalite violence in the sixties/seventies, Punjab Police has come out as a winner. Porosity of a thickly-populated unnatural land
border with Pakistan and extremely inhospitable, barren hill borders with China in Ladakh and Kashmir were manned by Punjab Armed Police Battalions till mid-sixties, till the Border Security Force came into being.
Those gallant men on the border faced the brunt of foreign armed aggression in 1962 and 1965. In the recent years, the Punjab Police has successfully suppressed the gory face of terrorism in Punjab, in which nearly 20,000 people lost their lives during 1981-1994. Now, modern communication equipment, state-of-the-art information systems, well-equipped scientific labs, more responsive police personnel, are among the constituents of the Punjab Police.
Suresh Arora, IPS, is Director General of Police (DGP) Punjab.
It’s a force with a difference! A force with a conviction! And, a force with a heart!