Puducherry, formerly known as Pondicherry, is a Union Territory of India. It was formed out of four exclaves of former French India, namely Puducherry, Karaikal, Yanam and Mahe. It is named after the largest district Puducherry. Puducherry is spread across 492 KM, with a population of 1.244 Million (2011)
Puducherry Police Background
After the merger in 1954 the entire police force was placed under the command of an Inspector General of Police, who then was an officer of the rank of only a Superintendent of Police in the neighboring Tamil Nadu.
The police administration continued to be carried on thought in accordance with the French regulations up to 30th September 1963 . Only with the extension of Indian laws to the territory with effect from 1st October 1963 , the police administration came to be in accordance with the provisions of the Indian Police Act 1861.
Then the Anti-Hindi agitation of 1965 that engulfed the entire region and its neighbourhood in Tamil Nadu and brought to the fore the inadequacies of the police force to meet the law and order requirements of this Territory, promoted the government to appoint the Balakrishna Shetty Committee. Pending its report, the functioning was further streamlined through an amendment to the Police Act 1861 in its application to the Territory by the Police (Pondicherry Amendment) Act 1966enacted to suit local conditions, based on the pattern of the neighbouring Tamil Nadu Act.
The new scheme of re-organization as proposed by the team headed by Sri Balakrishna Shetty came into effect on 1st June 1967 and continues as such till date. For purposes of maintenance of law and order the entire Union territory was divided into 2 divisions, into Pondicherry division and Karaikal division. Subsequently, a Pondicherry Police Commission under Shri Pon Paramaguru was established in 1990, whose Report was submitted to the government in 1991 suggesting various charges, augmentation of manpower, and introduction of various policing wings as are prevalent and is required in any efficient modern police force.
The recommendations therein, except very minor ones, are yet to see the light of day. The Government of India, in the meantime, have notified on 3 rd March 1998, upgrading the post of the police chief to that of a full-fledged Inspector General.
Today the bright red cap (in the French Kepi pattern) continues to be retained as the headgear of the constabulary levels-both for the local Police, as also the armed police. This is now the only reminder left, of the French hangover in Pondicherry. Sunil Kumar Gautam, IPS, is the present Director General of Police, (DGP) of Union Territory of Puducherry.