Introduction Assam has a population of 311692272 and is spread across 74,838 Square kilo metres with 34 districts. Shri Mukesh Sahay, IPS, is the Director General (DGP) of Assam. Districts There are 26 districts in the State of Assam, Tinsukhia, Dhemaji, Dibrugarh, Lakhimpur, Sivasagar, Jorhat, Sonitpur, Golaghat, Nagaon, Karbi Anglong, Dima Hasao, Cachar, Karimganj, Hailakandi, Khamrup Metro, Darrang, Morigaon, Udalguri, Baksa, Malbari, Barpeta, Goalpara, Dhubri, Kokrajhar, Bangaigaon and Chirang. History of Assam Police Before the advent of the British the Assam Police was not unorganized under the Ahom Kings or earlier. The army as well as the various officers of the kingdom were responsible for the maintenance of peace and safeguarding the lives and properties of the people. After the British took over Assam administration it did not introduce any revolutionary changes immediately. The army was employed in the task of maintaining law and order. Army out posts were also set up at different places for this purpose. By 1839-40 the number of troops in Assam was reduced to four regiments only. Along with the reduction of troops, steps were taken to increase the armed component of the Civil Police in the province. The first unit of a new organisation was formed in the year 1835 by one Mr. Grange who was the Head of the Civil administration of Nowgong District at that time. The strength of police force during independence was around 8,000. For just 3,352 officers and men in 1874 when Assam was separated from Bengal and placed under the administration of a Chief Commissioner to the strength of 8,000 at the time of independence is not a spectacular development. But the British left behind a disciplined force with a set of rules and regulations which provided the basic foundation of the present police administration in the state. A number of new branches were created to meet the increasing demands of law and order and also of a peculiar situation obtained in the state like infiltration of foreign nationals from across the border causing a serious imbalance in the demographic structure of the state and threatening national security. Newly Created Police Departments
- Bureau of Investigation (Economic Offences).
- Special Branch.
- Criminal Investigation Department.
- Assam Police Border Organisation.
- Assam Police Radio Organisation.
- Assam River Police Organisation.
- State Fire Service Organisation.
- All Women Police Station.
- Establishment of Forensic Science Laboratory.